The Inca citadel of Machu Picchu was built around 1450 AD and is located high in the Andes Mountains near Cusco Peru. It is a major tourist attraction and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
Machu Picchu was built around 1450-1470 A.D. by the Inca people.
The name Machu Picchu means ‘old peak’ in the local language of Quechua.
The city lies at an altitude of 4,000 meters (13,123 feet) above sea level.
In 1911, Hiram Bingham discovered Machu Picchu while he was looking for ruins of lost cities in Peru.
Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru.
The citadel covers about 2 square kilometers.
The citadel is surrounded by steep mountains on three sides.
There are many theories regarding the purpose of Machu Picchu.
One theory says that Machu Picchu was a ceremonial site where the Incas would worship their gods.
Another theory says that Machu picchu was built as a military fortification.
Yet another theory suggests that Machu Picchu is a sacred site where the Incas held religious ceremonies.
According to some historians, Machu Picchu was abandoned after the Spanish conquest of Peru.
However, some experts believe that Machu Picchu might have been inhabited until the early 20th century AD.
Today, Machu Picchu is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.
The easiest way to get to Machu Picchu is to fly into Cusco, Peru. From there, take a bus to Aguas Calientes (hot springs) where you’ll find hotels and restaurants. You can then continue by foot to Machu Picchu.
How to Visit
There are two ways to visit Machu Picchu. One is to go via train, and the other is to hike. If you want to do the latter, you should start early in the morning. It’s best to have a guide if you’re going to hike.
What to See
You can either stay at the ruins or at a hotel outside of the park. If you stay inside the park, you’ll need to pay $60 per person. If you stay outside of the park, you’ll only need to pay $30 per person.
Where to Stay
If you choose to stay at the ruins, you can stay at one of the many hostels around Aguas Calientes. If you decide to stay outside of the park and not at the ruins, you’ll need to book a room in advance.
When to Go
It’s best to go between mid-April and October. In the summer months, it gets extremely hot and humid. However, it’s still possible to visit during these times.
Bring water shoes and sunscreen. Also bring a flashlight and mosquito repellent.
Machu Picchu is located at an altitude of 4200 meters above sea level. If you plan to visit Machu Picchu, make sure you have enough water and food supplies before you go. You should carry enough water to last you for two days, and bring snacks and some basic toiletries. Make sure you take plenty of sunscreen and wear hats and sunglasses. Bring comfortable walking shoes and layers of clothing.
When visiting Machu Picchu, try not to walk around the ruins after dark. There are many dangerous animals roaming the area, including snakes, scorpions, spiders, and bears. Also, keep in mind that the weather changes rapidly in Peru. Be prepared for rainstorms and high temperatures.
Machu Picchu does not allow photography inside the ruins. However, you may take photographs outside the ruins.
Machu Picchu tickets are sold online only. Tickets are non-refundable, and they cannot be exchanged.
Machu Picchu offers guided tours in English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Russian, Portuguese, Dutch, and Arabic.
Machu Picchu’s ticket prices range between $80-$100 USD per person. Prices increase depending on how long you stay.
Machu Picchu closes early on Mondays and Fridays.
Machu Picchu opens at 8am daily.
Machu Picchu has three entrances: Urubamba, Aguas Calientes, and Intipunku.
To get to Machu Picchu, you need to catch a bus from Cusco. Buses leave frequently throughout the day.
The best time to visit Machu Piccu is between April and October.
Machu Picchu can be reached by train from Ollantaytambo. From Ollantaytambm, buses run regularly to Machu Picchu.
Machu Picchu takes approximately five hours to reach by car.
Machu Picchu was built in 1532 by the Inca people.